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 Report - IRD Leaflet (IRD)

 Report date: 31.12.1999


Sexually transmitted diseases are on the increase. Many of them are difficult or even impossible to cure. Many can be passed from one partner to another alarmingly easily. Some results in disconcertingly painful symptoms. Some more deceptively cause no symptoms at all, existing in a "carrier state" but being just as infectious to the partner.

Nobody wants to catch a sexually transmitted disease. The stigma is appalling. In this leaflet we warn you about the dangers of the commoner infections and how to recognize them; we urge you to practice safer sex with your partners: and we strongly advise anyone who thinks they may be at risk from an STD to seek medical help promptly. The consequences are so awful that any delay is unjustifiable.

Bacterial Infections:


Symptoms include pain on passing urine and or a discharge from the penis or vagina.
Some men, however, and most women have no outward symptoms at all and so become carriers of the infection without being aware of it. If symptoms do appear, they tend to start between 2 and 10 days after exposure. If infection is diagnosed promptly and receives medical treatment, it is normally complete cured.


Symptoms start as a painless sore or ulcer on the penis or vagina. Later a rash appears on the whole body and a "flu like" illness with fever develops. Initial symptoms appear 1 to 2 weeks after exposure. These days, treatment of syphilis is usual successful with a prolonged course of antibiotics.

If not treated in its early stages, the symptoms go away only to recur years later. In this later stage, the infection attacks and destroys others parts of the body including the brain heart and joints.
Pregnant women with syphilis can pass the infection on to the fetus and this can tragically result in the child being born with congenital deformities.


 Herpes Simplex

Symptoms usually appear 5 days after exposure but tend to recur throughout life. Small painful clear blisters appear in the genital area and are sometimes accompanied by intense irritation. The virus can also cause genital warts. In women, genital herpes is associated with cervical cancer and all infected women should have regular smear tests. They must also inform their doctor as soon as they are aware that they are pregnant. Unfortunately there is no cure for herpes. You have it for life but you are not always infectious. Provided that the appropriate treatment is taken within 48 hours of the symptoms starting, it can be greatly helped and controlled.


Candidas are yeast found naturally on your skin. However, under certain conditions, such as increased humidity or temperature, or in the presence of antibiotics (which kill the bacteria which usually control the fungus) or following pregnancy, the fungus can proliferate and cause symptoms.

Women may suffer similar genital symptoms or sometimes nothing at all. It is very possible for a man with no symptoms to keep unknowingly reinfecting a female partner. It is important, therefore, for both partners to receive treatment at the same time to minimize any risk of reinfection.

Non-specific Infections

Other organisms, of which chlamidia is the commonest, are capable of causing genital infections in both men and women. Symptoms appear a few days to 6 week after exposure and include abnormal discharge, pain on passing urine and genital inflammation. It is particularly important for women to be treated promptly for chlamidia, as it can lead to infertility. Any symptoms, which are present, should be treated seriously, therefore, and you must see your doctor as soon as possible to have the problem thoroughly checked.

  • Avoid casual sex, especially with unknown people.
  • Always practice "safe sex" – i.e. wear or make sure you partner is wearing a condom - when there is a risk of catching an STD.
  • Read the advice leaflets available at clinics, hospitals and your doctor’s surgery.
  • Never be embarrassed to ask for medical help and do not delay in seeking it from either your GP or the local Genito Urinary or S.T.D. Clinic.
  • Do not seek for a medical help form the people without medical background. There are big dangerous and risk for you health

IRD-Azerbaijan is a non - government, non-profit Humanitarian organization with Head Quarter in Washington, DC. IRD-Azerbaijan is implementing an Emergency Medical Distribution Project in the target hospitals of Ganja, Khanlar, Ter-Ter, Goranboy, Naftalan. IRD-Azerbaijan is distributing medicines and medical items donated by the State Department of US.

Please contact us on the following address and numbers in Baku and Ganja, if you have any questions:

Shamsi Badalbeyli Str.# 96, Apt. 28
Baku, Azerbaijan
Tel: 93-24-71

Shahriyar Str.#47
Ganja, Azerbaijan
Tel: 9-12-10

Take better care of your health


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