THE BAKU TEAM WON THE SECOND PRIZE AT THE DE MARTENS
From 19 to 23 May, the International Committee of the Red Cross (ICRC)
with the participation of the faculty of Law of Saint-Petersburg conducted the second De
Martens competition on International Humanitarian (IHL). 12 teams from law faculties of
several CIS countries took part in this competition, in which different subjects related
to the law applicable in situations of armed conflicts were examined.
Azerbaijan was represented by Mrs. Ulduz Usubova, senior lecturer of
international law of Baku State University as well as three excellent students of the same
faculty, Arzu Iskenderova, Murad Mamedov and Gunduz Kerimov, won the second prize of this
difficult competition! "Overcoming all the difficulties we met at the first stage, we
finally managed to get the second place", says one of the students. "Only our
Belarussians colleagues were better than us !"
De Martens competition consisted in series of questions, practical cases
and games in which all the teams have to take part. At the final tour, the jury had to
choose between the best results of the two winner-teams. "The participants had to act
as if they were prosecutors and advocates in situations of legal proceedings or juridical
advisers in armed forces of one of the parts of the conflict " explains Prof.
According to P. Golay, dissemination delegate, De Martens competition is
similar to the frenchspeaking J. Pictet competition held in Western Europe, furthering the
development and dissemination of IHL. Such competitions are expected to become the forum
for wide ideas exchange on IHL issues.
AND IN GEORGIA...
ICRC STEPS UP ACTIVITIES
Following the latest bout of hostilities, the ICRC has stepped up its
activities in western Georgia. So far, the ICRC has distributed 7,000 family food parcels
and blankets to 30,000 people in 42 villages in the Zugdidi and Tsalenjika districts.
In addition to the emergency medical supplies that the ICRC delivered to
hospitals treating war-wounded in Abkhazia and western Georgia last week, the Organization
increased its medical aid to the polyclinic for the displaced in Zugdidi, where the number
of consultations has risen as a result of the influx of newly displaced people.
Together with the Georgian Ministry of Health, the ICRC is also closely
monitoring the medical situation along the southern stretch of the Inguri River, where
many of the displaced have sought refuge. Approximately two tonnes of medical supplies
have been distributed since the fighting flared up.
TB PROGRAMME IN PRISONS UNDER WAY
The signing of a tripartite co-operation agreement between the Ministry
of the Interior, the Ministry of Health and the ICRC on 31 May in Tbilisi, Georgia,
officially launched an ICRC tuberculosis programme in Georgian prisons.
Since July 1997, the ICRC has been conducting a detailed study of The
prevalence of TB and drug resistance within the context of the national TB programme in
Georgian detention facilities. "The study has shown hat in Georgia the risk of
contracting TB in prison is about 60 times higher than outside", stated Ann Meussen,
an ICRC doctor.
The ICRC recently organised a one-week training course in this treatment
technique for health personnel and laboratory technicians in Tbilisi. "Recent
experience has shown how complicated treatment can be in a detention environment",
Ann Meussen added. "The task ahead is a real challenge for all those involved, but it
must be dealt with as a matter of urgency."